The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) and the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) are two tools commonly used in the field of physical therapy to evaluate movement patterns, identify asymmetries, and pinpoint limitations in the body. By assessing and addressing these issues, the FMS and SFMA aid in improving movement quality, enhancing performance, and preventing injuries. Both assessment tools were developed by the Functional Movement System, a group of Physical Therapists and Chiropractors, that were looking for a better, quicker way to assess movement of athletes and patients.
The FMS is a quick assessment of mobility and stability to better understand how a person is able to move through a series of functional movements. Geared more for Physical Therapists the SFMA is a great assessment in a patient’s mobility and motor control to determine the actual source of pain or dysfunction a patient is dealing with. In both cases the results of the assessment help direct the course of intervention provided by our physical therapists.
How does the FMS work?
During an FMS evaluation, a physical therapist observes an individual performing seven movement patterns. Each pattern is scored based on specific criteria, ranging from 0 to 3, indicating the presence of pain, asymmetry, or movement dysfunction. The scores are then used to determine an individual’s movement quality and to guide appropriate intervention strategies.
Benefits of the FMS
FMS offers several benefits:
- Identifying movement limitations: FMS helps detect movement restrictions, asymmetries, or dysfunctions that may contribute to pain, injury, or reduced performance.
- Customized interventions: The evaluation results guide physical therapists in developing personalized intervention plans to address specific movement deficits.
- Injury prevention: By identifying movement patterns that may increase the risk of injury, FMS allows physical therapists to implement targeted strategies to reduce the likelihood of future injuries.
- Enhancing performance: FMS not only focuses on injury prevention but also aims to optimize movement quality, which can lead to improved athletic performance and functional abilities.
How does the SFMA work?
SFMA involves a systematic approach to evaluate movement patterns and their associated joint segments. It consists of a series of tests that help identify the primary source of pain or dysfunction. The assessment includes a combination of mobility and stability tests to determine whether the impairment is due to a mobility deficit, stability/motor control issue, or both.
Benefits of the SFMA
SFMA offers several advantages in the realm of physical therapy:
- Accurate diagnosis: SFMA helps physical therapists pinpoint the root cause of pain or functional limitations by assessing multiple movement patterns and joint segments.
- Tailored treatment plans: Based on the SFMA findings, physical therapists can develop targeted treatment plans that address the specific impairments identified.
- Holistic approach: SFMA takes a comprehensive approach by evaluating both mobility and stability, enabling therapists to address both factors in the rehabilitation process.
- Improved outcomes: By identifying and addressing the underlying movement dysfunctions, SFMA enhances the effectiveness of treatment interventions, leading to better overall patient outcomes.
Whether you’re a dedicated athlete seeking an assessment through the Functional Movement Screen or someone experiencing discomfort and seeking comprehensive insights into the potential causes of dysfunction via the Selective Functional Movement Assessment, our office is here to help. Take the next step towards optimizing your physical well-being by contacting us today to schedule your appointment with our experienced physical therapy team.